Suppose $G$ is a Lie group, with $pi_0(G)$ **not necessarily finite**, but might as well assume $G_0$, the connected component of the identity, is compact.

In the case that $pi_0(G)$ *is* finite, then we know that there is an injection $H^*(BG,mathbb{Q})to H^*(BG_0,mathbb{Q})$, and this can apparently be seen via a spectral sequence argument, using the fact that the rational cohomology of $Bpi_0(G)$ is concentrated in degree zero. So this is some kind of Lerayâ€“Serre spectral sequence argument on either $pi_0(G)to BG_0to BG$ or $BG_0to BGto Bpi_0(G)$ (and I suspect the latter), probably using the degeneration and some kind of “edge homomorphism is injective” argument.

I suspect that in the case that we know something strong about the rational cohomology of $Bpi_0(G)$, then we might be able to say something in the case where $pi_0(G)$ is not finite.

Unfortunately my spectral sequence knowledge is limited, and I can’t find a treatment of spectral sequences that seems general enough to deal with this setup **in general** (namely non-simply-connected base, and possibly non-connected fibre, plus non-finiteness issues, depending on which fibration is used).

Is my intuition correct, that $H^*(Bpi_0(G),mathbb{Q}) = H^0(Bpi_0(G),mathbb{Q})$ can let us conclude something about how the cohomology of $BG$ relates to that of $BG_0$?

Also, what would be a good reference that covers a general-enough version of the relevant spectral sequence?