Health coaching, also called wellness coaching, is a process that facilitates healthy and lasting behavior change by asking a client to listen to his inner wisdom, identify his values and transform his goals. in action. Health coaching is based on the principles of positive psychology and on motivational and goal setting interview practices. The terms "health coaching" and "wellness coaching" are used interchangeably.
Coaching has taken place since the beginning of humanity. This is a conversation in which one person listens and then advises another person on any subject. Over time, this term has been used for coaches in education, athletics and music. In his book The Inner Game of Tennis, Tim Gallwey changed the perspective of training by changing his goal. Rather than teaching a skill or technique, his process encouraged people to explore their inner strength and wisdom, to improve their self-confidence and to make changes and improvements from the inside out . Health coaching is integrated into the areas of psychology, social work, nursing, oriental philosophy, holistic health management and wellness.
Health coaching has its roots in psychologists dealing with drug addicts. In the early 1990s, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism conducted a study comparing several methods of treating alcoholism. They included: cognitive-behavioral therapy, a twelve-step approach similar to Alcoholics Anonymous and a motivational interview.
The results showed that while both were equally effective, motivational interviews were more cost-effective and faster to achieve the desired results.
Due to the success of this project and other projects, researchers have been keenly interested in this approach and have explored how its use could affect the behavioral change in the health of people with chronic diseases. Studies are likely to continue in this area as it is a relatively new approach for many health care providers.
Many people have asked for help for various situations. In 2009, the most important coaching category was health, fitness and wellness, with a combined total of 83.7 million registrations. The importance of a health coach is widely needed, as are guidelines for properly advising someone in the field of health and fitness.
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