In the spirit of "Teach a man to fish" …
I know almost nothing about lenses, cameras and photography, I just have a D800E camera and I want to buy a lens to take pictures of my family on a trip.
I am really curious to know how someone who knows nothing about photography has found himself with nearly $ 2,000 in his first camera. Photo shopping is like car shopping – the more you know, the more you can find something for your the needs and not the needs of the seller's commission.
Always follow the recommendations with a grain of salt and continue your research by matching equipment to your functional needs. If you can not, it's a bad buy (unless you really only want to get the material back)
I have "Nikon FX AF DC-NIKKOR 105mm f / 2D" but it's "too zoomed" and I have to go a long way to take a picture, do not get me wrong, I l? I love it and I use it inside the house because it takes great pictures inside, but not so good for the outdoors.
That's because it's 105mm. The scales for the lenses are: super wide angle, wide angle, normal, telephoto, super telephoto. The break points are approximately ~ 24mm or less, ~ 35mm, ~ 50mm, ~ 70mm and ~ 300mm.
As you can see, your 105mm lens fits well in the "Telephoto" category. These are lenses designed to make distant objects appear closer ("zoomed in"). They make beautiful portraits of the head and shoulders – but you need plenty of space to take a picture at the waist or for a full body.
I want a goal that a) I can use outdoors and not have to walk far to take a picture
See above. You need to get a lens with a wider angle of view. From where you are, it's a normal goal, broad or super-wide. Keep in mind that all are built around various tradeoffs and that you need to determine your functional need before trying to pair it with equipment.
b) Do not have a lot of blur on the background, like when we are traveling and that we are in front of a statue or something of the kind, the goal that I have really does not understand anything of in the background, they are all fuzzy.
Background Blur, or Bokeh, is a product of lack of depth of field. DoF increases when your goal gets closer to infinity. This is easier to do with wide-angle lenses because you do not have to go that far to put everyone in your frame. Aperture also affects the DoF. F / 2 is very open and, on a 105mm lens, can produce a DoF of a few millimeters wide. I urge you to learn about "Depth of Field" and to begin to understand how aperture, focal length, and focal length combine to create "blur" or lack of "blur" in the camera. 'background.
I know my questions are super basic in photography, sorry for that. I just want to take great pictures and say that the cost does not matter. You just want crisp 36MP photos with all the details of the background and clear, bright photos on the outside.
Great photos with a digital SLR means to know more about photography. Sorry, this type of camera is not aimed at beginners. The more you know, the better your shots.
I know that my lens should have a bigger aperture, like the f / 22, but how do I know which one is best for my camera? What is there other than the value f?
You are wrong The objectives are marked by their maximum opening, the most open. Your 105mm f / 2 has f / 2 at its widest setting. It can also stop at f / 2.8, f / 4, f / 5.6, f / 8, f / 11, f / 16 and f / 22. It can even go up to f / 32. Your camera probably allows stops of 1/2 and 1/3 between them. By the way, these are the full f / stop increments. You should learn them and understand what they mean for controlling depth of field and exposure.
Thanks in advance
No worries, man. Good luck in your business. As Wayne has said, a ~ 24 – ~ 70 will probably work for you. But as I said, take that with a grain of salt and study a little more about how photography works so you can make informed buying decisions.