dnd 5e – How would losing their spell book affect an NPC wizard-sorcerer multiclass?

Any Wizard without their spellbook isn’t automatically helpless

The core issue with this plan (going by rules as written) is that a wizard’s spellbook is only used for learning and preparing new spells. A wizard that loses their spellbook will be unable to prepare new spells, but will still have the same spells prepared. There’s even a specific clause (and price) for writing these down in a new spellbook should you lose the old one (see the Your Spellbook box on page 114 of the Player’s Handbook, under Replacing the Book). And they’ll always have their cantrips, no matter what happens to their book.

So even without sorcerer levels, a wizard bereft of their spellbook isn’t rendered helpless, unless they prepared a very specific array of spells before losing the book. Adding sorcerer levels means they get additional spells which are known entirely independent of the book, and can cast all of these spells using the same slots (PHB 164). They even get more cantrips.

The only way for a wizard to be rendered helpless this way is if the exact spell they need is in their book, but not prepared that day, but I don’t know what spell that would be.

browsers – Do tags that are not recognized by HTML affect SEO?

Without additional context, it’s difficult to give you a concise answer to your question. It would be helpful to know more about these custom tags you’re using, how they’re implemented, and how they are ultimately rendered onto the page.

Assuming your custom tags are implemented using the Web Components API (a rather big assumption…), I don’t think there should be any impact to SEO. Web Components are implemented through a shadow DOM but ultimately get attached to a “shadow host”, which is a regular DOM element recognizable by all browsers (and crawlers, etc.).

So for example, if your <new_tag> is implemented via an h1 DOM element, it would ultimately be rendered as an h1 and can then be detected as usual for SEO (or accessibility) purposes.

I’d suggest implementing your custom element(s), then inspect the page in the browser (F12 to access Chrome DevTools) and see how it gets rendered in the HTML.

dnd 5e – How would losing their spellbook affect a wizard-sorcerer multiclass?

Any Wizard without their spellbook isn’t automatically helpless

The core issue with this plan (going by rules as written) is that a wizard’s spellbook is only used for learning and preparing new spells. A wizard that loses their spellbook will be unable to prepare new spells, but will still have the same spells prepared. There’s even a specific clause (and price) for writing these down in a new spellbook should you lose the old one (see the Your Spellbook box on page 114 of the Player’s Handbook, under Replacing the Book). And they’ll always have their cantrips, no matter what happens to their book.

So even without sorcerer levels, a wizard bereft of their spellbook isn’t rendered helpless, unless they prepared a very specific array of spells before losing the book. Adding sorcerer levels means they get additional spells which are known entirely independent of the book, and can cast all of these spells using the same slots (PHB 164). They even get more cantrips.

The only way for a wizard to be rendered helpless this way is if the exact spell they need is in their book, but not prepared that day, but I don’t know what spell that would be.

dnd 5e – How close do Opportunity Attacks affect flying creatures?

If you are out of a creature’s reach, it cannot make opportunity attacks against you and the Wasp is outside the reach of most Medium creatures

You can make an opportunity attack when a hostile creature that you can see moves out of your reach.

Opportunity attacks only occur if you go from being within somebody’s reach to being outside it, if their reach is 5 feet and you remain 10 feet away, you will not provoke opportunity attacks.

Most creatures have a 5-foot reach and can thus attack targets within 5 feet of them when making a melee attack. 

Medium creatures effectively control a 15×15×15 region regardless of their actual height. Thus, if a creature is two squares above them, that creature is 10 feet away and already out of their reach (various features and Reach weapons aside). In other words, the wasp would avoid any and all opportunity attacks because it is never in a region that the Medium creature can reach.

seo – What is the affect of changing robots.txt file access permission?

I want to change access permission of robots.txt file to 403. Just my static ip can access directly not any one.

This doesn’t make sense. The only reason to have a robots.txt in the first place is to have it publicly accessible for search engines to determine if there are any URLs that should not be crawled.

Blocking robots.txt with a 403 HTTP response is effectively the same as not having a robots.txt file. ie. You are permitting unrestricted crawl access to your site.

If you don’t want a robots.txt file (ie. you want robots to crawl everything) then simply don’t include a robots.txt file and allow requests to 404. Alternatively, create an empty (or minimal) robots.txt to prevent a plethora of 404s in your access logs.

If you want to prevent crawling of certain URLs on your site then you need a robots.txt file and it needs to be publicly accessible. Access to this file should not be restricted.

why some people do that?

I’m curious where you got the idea of this from?

How does the inclusion of a subprime q value affect the Diffie Hellman equation for key exchange?

This is a follow on from this question:

“Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange” in plain English

In the answer to that question, the standard Diffie Hellman key exchange equation is derived:

(g^a mod p)^b mod p = g^ab mod p
(g^b mod p)^a mod p = g^ba mod p

In this answer, only the generator g and a prime number p are used. What I would like to know is how this equation is affected/modified when we include the optional subprime q value to the initial parameters?

I have found this:

The order of G should have a large prime factor to prevent use of the Pohlig–Hellman algorithm to obtain a or b. For this reason, a Sophie Germain prime q is sometimes used to calculate p = 2q + 1, called a safe prime, since the order of G is then only divisible by 2 and q. g is then sometimes chosen to generate the order q subgroup of G, rather than G, so that the Legendre symbol of ga never reveals the low order bit of a. A protocol using such a choice is for example IKEv2.(11)

Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diffie%E2%80%93Hellman_key_exchange

But it goes a bit over my head. The above makes it sound as though p is derived directly from q, but to use a practical example of some parameters I am given:

        "p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
        "q": "8000000092C37D5F1106277105CB36B6E775199D9075B6D6934444D1EE78D78D",
        "g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

The p value does not equal 2q + 1

Side note, I have also seen this q value referred to as

“q is an (odd) prime divisor of p – 1”

html – Does styling links in the same way as non-clickable text affect seo?

It does not affect to SEO only if you’re using for legit purpose.

Bad practice always heart SEO, it does not about whether you got penalize or not.

For example, you got chance to write some article on quality website, but you’re placing links with inline CSS so moderator don’t see it, then it is consider as bad practice. But if you do for legit purpose then it will not heart, just make sure you don’t manipulate them.

You should note that all links does not add same value, links that are useful for users may pass more value than others. For example header pass more value then body links, and body links pass more value than footer links.

It’s all about whether it is useful for users or not. Google may treat all links same at this time, but once they got understand your site, they may treat them separately.

My personal advice is use some hover effect or use underline text decoration style in links.

equipment – How would closing borders and supply routes affect local market prices?

I’m developing a world where governments are freaking out over a perceived threat (not a virus). The stars have disappeared and the gods have seemingly abandoned them. Many leaders have ordered their borders locked down and trade routes closed for various reasons.

Different countries would have the resources they can produce themselves (obviously) but things from outside would be increasingly scarce as time goes on. I know that not having shipments to a desert country would raise the price of the remaining wood products in their markets. But I don’t know how much. I know what each country produces and what they import.

My question:
What is a reasonable scale for increasing scarcity?

I’m mostly looking for a realistic percentage I can add to market prices every week/month to reflect the scarcity. But if a set scale is more realistic let me know.

P.S.
I know my PCs will be able to exploit this with smuggling and get “hella rich” as they would put it. But in the long run if they waste their time smuggling they will come to the inevitable end of the campaign with too much money and not enough power. I’m letting them know it’s on a timeline so they can make their own decisions.

Do UTM-tags in a backlink affect SEO

Do UTM-tags (Urchin Traffic Monitor) in a backlink affect SEO?

E.g.

1) http://www.domain.tld/
2) http://www.domain.tld/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=rss

Both links are pointing from website A to the same webpage on website B (the one mentioned above), but look different. #2 isn’t exactly a pretty URL.

I don’t think it will be affecting SEO, but am not sure.

Can somebody confirm this?

pathfinder 2e – How does the order of events affect fortune/misfortune effects?

Some effects in Pathfinder 2e have the Fortune or Misfortune traits.

A fortune effect beneficially alters how you roll your dice. You can
never have more than one fortune effect alter a single roll. If
multiple fortune effects would apply, you have to pick which to use.
If a fortune effect and a misfortune effect would apply to the same
roll, the two cancel each other out, and you roll normally.

The Misfortune trait is described with similar text.

The bold sentence is clear when the Fortune and Misfortune effects are both passive, or intrinsic to the effect. E.g. if a PC had the (hypothetical) Fortune ability “When rolling a saving throw, you roll twice and use the higher number”, and was affected by an enemy’s spell that had the Misfortune clause “When characters roll saves against this spell, they roll twice and use the lower number”, the Fortune and Misfortune abilities would cancel out, and the PC would make a normal saving throw.

Alternatively, as discussed in another question, suppose a PC was affected by the Misfortune spell Clownish Curse:

… For 1 round, the target must roll twice and use the worse result
whenever attempting an Acrobatics, Stealth, or Thievery check.

If the PC has Assurance in Acrobatics, which is a Fortune feat, they can use it to cancel out the curse and roll normal Acrobatics skill checks.

But sometimes the Fortune and/or Misfortune effects are triggered by success or failure on a roll. Consider a PC with the Lucky Break feat (Fortune), who is also affected by Clownish Curse.

Lucky Break:
You catch yourself as you make a mistake. …
When you fail or critically fail on an Athletics or Acrobatics skill
check … you reroll the
triggering skill check and use the better result. (Edited for clarity when standing alone)

So the PC attempts an Acrobatics check, and rolls 5 and 15 where success requires 10. They are forced to use the 5, and thus fail. They decide to trigger Lucky Break. What happens? I can think of a few options:

  1. One of the initial dice (5 or 15) is arbitrarily or randomly declared to be the “original” roll, before (Mis)Fortune intervened, and that is the new result.
  2. Lucky Break cancels out Clownish Curse, and so they make a new “normal” roll that they must use.
  3. The two dice for Clownish Curse must be rolled in order – the player must declare using Lucky Break after the first roll. If they use it, it cancels out the Misfortune effect and they use that first roll (no other rolls are made).

Which is it, or something else?