file management – How to find photos that do not have any keywords assigned to them in Adobe Bridge?

I’m trying to organize my archive using Adobe Bridge. In one step I messed and moved some untagged photos to another folder that all its photos are already tagged. These photos are parts of my everyday street photography photos, so they are taken on different days and can not be distinguished visually.

Is it possible to filter photos that do not have any keywords assigned to them in Adobe Bridge?

I searched the web and couldn’t find anything. Perhaps I’m missing the right keywords.
Thanks in advance for your help.

networking – Issues with internet connection using bridge mode on Telstra Smart Modem Gen 2


My Telstra service worked well over wifi using the default setup (using the Smart Modem as the modem and router). However instead, I want to use it in bridge mode to take advantage of my Asus router’s features.


I’ve used the following steps to try to enable bridge mode on the Telstra Smart Modem 2:

  1. Disable wifi using the physical button on the rear panel
  2. In the Telstra modem admin GUI at, Go To Advanced -> Internet -> WAN Services -> Toggle ‘bridge enabled’ to off. Confirm and wait for the progress bar and for the modem to reboot. After reboot, the admin GUI is no longer accessible (as expected in bridge mode).
  3. Connected Telstra modem’s LAN port to Asus router’s WAN port.
  4. Setup the Asus router’s wifi settings.

Unfortunately there isn’t a technical user manual available – the only manual is the very simplistic device setup guide.

After the above, the internet connection works well using LAN ports, and the wifi mostly works on iPhone, but with some issues. The primary issue is that Whatsapp cannot connect (says “Connecting…” with never-ending progress pinwheel) which means messages aren’t received until I’m off the wifi network. Similarly, the Apollo app doesn’t refresh content, however this less important.

Any suggestions out there? I’m hopeful the above gives some clue to more experienced users on what settings I should look into tweaking.

networking – Link isolated PC in one network with server in another through bridge (Linux)

Hey guys I have following challenge:
I got two separated networks with separate IP ranges (A, B)
A: (no DHCP)

There is a server in network A ( and a router ( which acts as gateway.

There are other computers in network B and a router/gw (

Now I have this PC ( from network A that should be put in network B and communicate with the server ( Ideally under the same IP address ( although physically in B.

My idea was to put a Linux PC with two NICs in the middle and somehow route the traffic. I can’t use the router from A nor from B.

I could not get my head around it. I was trying network bridge with no success. Is this even possible? Would there be a setup (routing) that would mirror the IP address of the server on the NIC in network B and the PC in network A. Like make the server believe he is talking to the PC while talking to the „bridge“ and vice versa. I guess I also have to manipulate the host table on the server and the gateway on the PC, or?

VLANs are not an option
Subnetting is not an option since the networks are fixed

thanks in advance! I can draw up a diagram if that’s of any help.


kvm virtualization – Using the libvirt terraform provider to attach to system wide network bridge

I’m trying to use the libvirt kvm terraform provider ( to connect an example virtual machine to an existing network bridge I’ve created. I’m using the simple example from here; . Here’s the tf, the bridge details are below that; any suggestions would be gratefully received.

# variables that can be overriden
variable "hostname" { default = "simple" }
variable "domain" { default = "" }
variable "memoryMB" { default = 1024*1 }
variable "cpu" { default = 1 }

# instance the provider
provider "libvirt" {
  uri = "qemu:///system"

# fetch the latest ubuntu release image from their mirrors
resource "libvirt_volume" "os_image" {
  name = "${var.hostname}-os_image"
  pool = "default"
  source = ""
  format = "qcow2"

# Use CloudInit ISO to add ssh-key to the instance
resource "libvirt_cloudinit_disk" "commoninit" {
          name = "${var.hostname}-commoninit.iso"
          pool = "default"
          user_data = data.template_file.user_data.rendered
          network_config = data.template_file.network_config.rendered

resource "libvirt_network" "vm_network" {
  name = "test_net"
  mode = "bridge"
  bridge = "br0"

data "template_file" "user_data" {
  template = file("${path.module}/cloud_init.cfg")
  vars = {
    hostname = var.hostname
    fqdn = "${var.hostname}.${var.domain}"

data "template_file" "network_config" {
  template = file("${path.module}/network_config_dhcp.cfg")

# Create the machine
resource "libvirt_domain" "domain-ubuntu" {
  name = var.hostname
  memory = var.memoryMB
  vcpu = var.cpu

  disk {
       volume_id =
  network_interface {
       network_name = "default"

  cloudinit =

  # Ubuntu can hang is a isa-serial is not present at boot time.
  # If you find your CPU 100% and never is available this is why
  console {
    type        = "pty"
    target_port = "0"
    target_type = "serial"

  graphics {
    type = "spice"
    listen_type = "address"
    autoport = "true"

terraform { 
  required_version = ">= 0.12"

output "ips" {
  # show IP, run 'terraform refresh' if not populated
  value = libvirt_domain.domain-ubuntu.*.network_interface.0.addresses

Bridge br0:

5: br0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:1d:7d:0d:2a:9d brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet brd scope global br0
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fde6:4511:f54:0:21d:7dff:fe0d:2a9d/64 scope global dynamic mngtmpaddr 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::21d:7dff:fe0d:2a9d/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

domain name system – why the the dns query retransmission send from the KVM machine with bridge network

I am using this command to test DNS resolve in my KVM machine(ip:,and using bridge network with the host machine(br0: :

    (root@k8sslave1 var)# dig

; <<>> DiG 9.11.13-RedHat-9.11.13-3.el8 <<>>
;; global options: +cmd
;; connection timed out; no servers could be reached

the I am tracing the network traffic on my host machine using wireshark,this is the filter:

ip.dst == && ip.proto == 17 && == ""

and the result shows dns query retransmission, so why the dns query retransmission? when I ping from host to it works fine.

(dolphin@localhost infrastructure)$ ping
PING ( 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.175 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.201 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.388 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=4 ttl=64 time=0.349 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=5 ttl=64 time=0.383 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=6 ttl=64 time=0.236 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=7 ttl=64 time=0.243 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=8 ttl=64 time=0.370 ms

this is wireshark output:

enter image description here

kvm virtualization – How to connect host only to network bridge with QEMU VMs on linux host

I have a bridge working for qemu. I am able to start multiple copies of the same machine and they can network together. I am not interested in connecting to the outside internet. This is all on ubuntu 20.04. The guest systems are emulated arm64 running linux.

What I do need is for the VMs to connect to the host. My current understanding is that I need to create a tap device for the host and add it to the bridge. If the IP addresses are on the same subnet I should be able to ping between host and guests.

I use the “qemu-bridge-helper” to automatically create tapN devices on VM boot.

This is what I have so far that doesn’t work:

sudo ip tuntap add name host0 mode tap
sudo ip addr add dev host0
sudo ip link set host0 master br0
sudo ip link set host0 up

I would be super greatful for anyone to point me in the right direction.

linux – Why both interfaces show same throughput on Raspberry Pi Ethernet Bridge?

Have 2 interfaces on raspberry pi setup as Ethernet bridge (br0).

On rpi:
eth1 connects to cable modem
eth0 connects to cable wifi router

All traffic goes through wifi router ; then rpi; then cable modem.

Why traffic not same on eth1 and eth0?

I just rebooted it to reset counters.

pi@raspberrypi:~ $ uname -a
Linux raspberrypi 4.14.98-v7+ #1200 SMP Tue Feb 12 20:27:48 GMT 2019 armv7l GNU/Linux

ifconfig says:

eth0: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        ether b8:27:eb:11:05:34  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 3457856  bytes 642712842 (612.9 MiB)
        RX errors 1  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 1
        TX packets 19074755  bytes 3897787884 (3.6 GiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

eth1: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        ether 3c:8c:f8:ff:8e:00  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 19074843  bytes 7925711686 (7.3 GiB)
        RX errors 1052  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 1052
        TX packets 3457864  bytes 670376493 (639.3 MiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 

Thanks you

networking – why linux host do not contain ip after add bridge network with kvm virtual machine

After I join the bridge network br0 in my Fedora 32 workstation machine, my host machine config look like this using ifconfig:

(dolphin@MiWiFi-R4CM-srv .ssh)$ ifconfig
br0: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet  netmask  broadcast
        inet6 fe80::4b2:78ff:fe35:2c73  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 06:b2:78:35:2c:73  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 262706  bytes 549324981 (523.8 MiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 176370  bytes 17361895 (16.5 MiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

eno2: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        ether 2c:f0:5d:2c:6e:d5  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 930979  bytes 1290671619 (1.2 GiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 352599  bytes 31255959 (29.8 MiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0
        device interrupt 16  memory 0xa1200000-a1220000  

lo: flags=73<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING>  mtu 65536
        inet  netmask
        inet6 ::1  prefixlen 128  scopeid 0x10<host>
        loop  txqueuelen 1000  (Local Loopback)
        RX packets 8324  bytes 3833687 (3.6 MiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 8324  bytes 3833687 (3.6 MiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

virbr0: flags=4099<UP,BROADCAST,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet  netmask  broadcast
        ether 52:54:00:39:c6:9f  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

vnet0: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::fc54:ff:fe36:a8ef  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether fe:54:00:36:a8:ef  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 178749  bytes 13514111 (12.8 MiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 334263  bytes 712473913 (679.4 MiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

vnet1: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::fc54:ff:fe90:27a6  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether fe:54:00:90:27:a6  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 479  bytes 49167 (48.0 KiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 29585  bytes 2427883 (2.3 MiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

vnet2: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::fc54:ff:fe1b:74f9  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether fe:54:00:1b:74:f9  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 559  bytes 61180 (59.7 KiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 29231  bytes 2402385 (2.2 MiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

althrough everything going fine, I could using internet and kvm virtual machine could ping host machine and host machine could login kvm virtual machine.But I still have confusing qustion:why my host interface eno2 ip disappeared? what is my host ip?

design patterns – General question on Pairing of Abstract Factory with Bridge

I am trying to get myself familiarized with the design patterns and I am reading through this line on the relationships between different patterns. I cannot get my head around this one though,

You can use Abstract Factory along with Bridge. This pairing is useful when some abstractions defined by Bridge can only work with specific implementations. In this case, Abstract Factory can encapsulate these relations and hide the complexity from the client code.

I cannot understand how this pairing actually works, if anyone could provide some concrete example that would be great!

The link is

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