Digital Signature – With a binary signed by code, how do you know it's signed with an Extended Validation Certificate (EV)?

I can not find an answer to this seemingly simple question. Say, under Windows, if I have a binary file:

enter the description of the image here

How to know if it has been signed with an Extended Validation Code (EV) signing certificate?

Say, the file above, being a Windows driver on a 64-bit Windows 10 must have an EV signature to be able to load. So, I do not find anything in its properties that can indicate that it's an EV:

enter the description of the image here

And since the operating system can clearly differentiate between EV and OV certifications, how does it know?

Permissions issue in SQL Server 2017 Docker when restoring the certificate

Container Docker SQL Server 2017 @latest. Using master database.

The error I encounter is as follows:

(S00019)(15208) The certificate, asymmetric key, or private key file is not valid or does not exist; or you do not have permissions for it.

The closest thing I've found to this exact question is this question about Stackoverflow. However, the answer does not work for me. This question has a similar answer.

I've also tried the instructions here and here.

So, going through the parts of the error:

  1. I've recreated the files twice, so I do not think it's the "invalid" part. And this is obviously not the part "does not exist" (if I put a bad password, it tells me that it is the wrong password).
  2. I have backed up and restored SMK and the main key without problems, so I do not think this is the problem of permissions. The files have exactly the same permissions.

I can not get the certificate to restore no matter what i try. I've been looking for GitHub problems to no avail, so I do not think it's a bug. I must do something wrong.

Relevant code:

--on Prod
BACKUP CERTIFICATE sqlserver_backup_cert TO FILE = '/var/opt/mssql/certs/sqlserver_backup_cert.cer'
    WITH PRIVATE KEY ( FILE = '/var/opt/mssql/certs/sqlserver_backup_cert.key' ,
    ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD = 'foobar')
GO
--on Test
CREATE CERTIFICATE sqlserver_backup_cert FROM FILE = '/var/opt/mssql/certs/sqlserver_backup_cert.crt'
  WITH PRIVATE KEY (
    FILE = '/var/opt/mssql/certs/sqlserver_backup_cert.key',
    DECRYPTION BY PASSWORD = 'foobar'
  )
GO

It is to highlight that /var/opt/mssql/certs is a Docker volume. However, I also tried to create my own directory inside the container and use it docker cp. No change.

Ssh keys – How can I use Ansible with SSH signed client certificate for connections?

I've implemented SSH certification authority client signing on my servers. Sshd is configured on my servers with the following directive:

TrustedUserCAKeys /etc/ssh/trusted-users-ca.pem

I have modified my local ssh configuration file so that my certificate is also sent when I connect to my servers:

Host *.internal.headincloud.be
        User centos
        IdentityFile ~/.ssh/datacenter-hic-deploy
        CertificateFile = ~/.ssh/datacenter-hic-deploy-cert.pub

It seems to work fine and I can connect to my server without having to deploy an allowed_keys file.

However, Ansible is unable to connect my servers:

TASK [Gathering Facts] *********************************************************************************************************************************************************************
fatal: [postgres-01]: UNREACHABLE! => {"changed": false, "msg": "SSH Error: data could not be sent to remote host "192.168.90.40". Make sure this host can be reached over ssh", "unreachable": true}

As I already mentioned, I can connect via ssh very well.

I guess Ansible does not send the certificate file, that's why I can not connect.

I have tried to modify my ansible.cfg as follows:

ssh_args = -C -o ControlMaster=auto -o ControlPersist=60s -i ~/.ssh/datacenter-hic-deploy-cert.pub

or

ssh_args = -C -o ControlMaster=auto -o ControlPersist=60s -i /Users/jeroenjacobs/.ssh/datacenter-hic-deploy-cert.pub

Neither of those who work.

I can not find a way to tell Ansible how to do that. Someone has an idea?

SSL certificate – httpd and curl: Configure the https connection with a client validation as a p12 file

I deploy an httpd. I need to configure ssl to validate the client based on its client certificate.

To do this, I have a p12 file containing the private key, the client certificate and the ca string certificates:

CA certificate chain:

➜ ~ openssl pkcs12 -in fitxers.p12 -cacerts -nokeys
Bag Attributes
    ...
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
$$$$$$$...
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
Bag Attributes
    ...
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
$$$$$$$...
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

Cert client:

➜ ~ openssl pkcs12 -in fitxers.p12 -clcerts -nokeys
Bag Attributes
    ...
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
$$$$$$$...
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

Customer's private key:

➜ ~ openssl pkcs12 -in fitxers.p12 -nocerts
Bag Attributes
    ...
-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----
$$$$$$$...
-----END PRIVATE KEY-----

To divide this p12 file in separate cert and key files:

➜ ~ openssl pkcs12 -in container.p12 -nocerts -out client.key.pem
➜ ~ openssl pkcs12 -in fitxers.p12 -clcerts -nokeys -out client.crt
➜ ~ openssl pkcs12 -in fitxers.p12 -cacerts -nokeys -out cacerts.crt

So, from now on, I have configured my httpd as follows:

SSLEngine On
SSLCACertificateFile /usr/local/apache2/conf/cacerts.crt
...

I'm trying to login using curl:

curl --cert client.crt --key client.key.pem https://localhost:8080/token -v
*   Trying 127.0.0.1...
* TCP_NODELAY set
* Connected to localhost (127.0.0.1) port 8080 (#0)
* ALPN, offering h2
* ALPN, offering http/1.1
Enter PEM pass phrase:
* successfully set certificate verify locations:
*   CAfile: /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt
  CApath: /etc/ssl/certs
* TLSv1.3 (OUT), TLS handshake, Client hello (1):
* TLSv1.3 (IN), TLS handshake, Server hello (2):
* TLSv1.3 (IN), TLS Unknown, Certificate Status (22):
* TLSv1.3 (IN), TLS handshake, Unknown (8):
* TLSv1.3 (IN), TLS Unknown, Certificate Status (22):
* TLSv1.3 (IN), TLS handshake, Certificate (11):
* TLSv1.3 (OUT), TLS alert, Server hello (2):
* SSL certificate problem: unable to get local issuer certificate
* Closing connection 0
curl: (60) SSL certificate problem: unable to get local issuer certificate
More details here: https://curl.haxx.se/docs/sslcerts.html

In the httpd server logs, I get:

(Tue Sep 17 11:17:28.144219 2019) (ssl:info) (pid 8:tid 139871525332736) (client 10.0.2.4:52926) AH01964: Connection to child 68 established (server 10.0.2.47:443)
(Tue Sep 17 11:17:28.148318 2019) (ssl:debug) (pid 8:tid 139871525332736) ssl_engine_kernel.c(2375): (client 10.0.2.4:52926) AH02645: Server name not provided via TLS extension (using default/first virtual host)
(Tue Sep 17 11:17:28.155178 2019) (ssl:info) (pid 8:tid 139871525332736) (client 10.0.2.4:52926) AH02008: SSL library error 1 in handshake (server 10.0.2.47:443)
(Tue Sep 17 11:17:28.155569 2019) (ssl:info) (pid 8:tid 139871525332736) SSL Library Error: error:14094416:SSL routines:ssl3_read_bytes:sslv3 alert certificate unknown (SSL alert number 46)
(Tue Sep 17 11:17:28.155609 2019) (ssl:info) (pid 8:tid 139871525332736) (client 10.0.2.4:52926) AH01998: Connection closed to child 68 with abortive shutdown (server 10.0.2.47:443)
(Tue Sep 17 11:19:01.114529 2019) (ssl:info) (pid 8:tid 139871448463104) (client 10.255.0.2:48060) AH01964: Connection to child 69 established (server 10.0.2.47:443)
(Tue Sep 17 11:19:01.114667 2019) (ssl:debug) (pid 8:tid 139871448463104) ssl_engine_kernel.c(2354): (client 10.255.0.2:48060) AH02044: No matching SSL virtual host for servername localhost found (using default/first virtual host)
(Tue Sep 17 11:19:01.114674 2019) (ssl:debug) (pid 8:tid 139871448463104) ssl_engine_kernel.c(2354): (client 10.255.0.2:48060) AH02044: No matching SSL virtual host for servername localhost found (using default/first virtual host)
(Tue Sep 17 11:19:01.114679 2019) (core:debug) (pid 8:tid 139871448463104) protocol.c(2314): (client 10.255.0.2:48060) AH03155: select protocol from , choices=h2,http/1.1 for server 10.0.2.47
(Tue Sep 17 11:19:01.117705 2019) (ssl:info) (pid 8:tid 139871448463104) (client 10.255.0.2:48060) AH02008: SSL library error 1 in handshake (server 10.0.2.47:443)
(Tue Sep 17 11:19:01.117827 2019) (ssl:info) (pid 8:tid 139871448463104) SSL Library Error: error:14094418:SSL routines:ssl3_read_bytes:tlsv1 alert unknown ca (SSL alert number 48)
(Tue Sep 17 11:19:01.117858 2019) (ssl:info) (pid 8:tid 139871448463104) (client 10.255.0.2:48060) AH01998: Connection closed to child 69 with abortive shutdown (server 10.0.2.47:443)

I've also tried to use cacerts.pem with curl --cacert ./cacerts.pem --cert client.crt --key client.key.pem https://localhost:8080/token -v

Ideas?

[ Politics ] Open question: Did the Conservatives not ask for taxes, the birth certificate and the Obama college records, while protecting Trumppanzie from releasing it?

the taxes?

web service – How to import a .cer x509 certificate into Net Core for WSDL integration

I'm trying to import a .cer x509 certificate for the web service integration to make the comparison and allow me to get the requested data, but in Net Core I do not get them .

I'm trying this way:

        var pathCert = conf.getValueConfig("configApplication", "pathCert");
        var certs = new X509Certificate(File.ReadAllBytes(pathCert));
        X509Certificate2 cert = new X509Certificate2(certs);
        Uri uri = new Uri("https://website/");
        ws.ClientCredentials.ServiceCertificate.ScopedCertificates.Add(uri, cert);

HELP ME, PLEASE

security – How can I permanently fix this SSL certificate problem?

  Retrying (Retry(total=4, connect=None, read=None, redirect=None, status=None)) after connection broken by 'SSLError(SSLCertVerificationError(1, '(SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED) certificate verify failed: self signed certificate in certificate chain (_ssl.c:1056)'))': /simple/pygame/
  Retrying (Retry(total=3, connect=None, read=None, redirect=None, status=None)) after connection broken by 'SSLError(SSLCertVerificationError(1, '(SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED) certificate verify failed: self signed certificate in certificate chain (_ssl.c:1056)'))': /simple/pygame/
  Retrying (Retry(total=2, connect=None, read=None, redirect=None, status=None)) after connection broken by 'SSLError(SSLCertVerificationError(1, '(SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED) certificate verify failed: self signed certificate in certificate chain (_ssl.c:1056)'))': /simple/pygame/
  Retrying (Retry(total=1, connect=None, read=None, redirect=None, status=None)) after connection broken by 'SSLError(SSLCertVerificationError(1, '(SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED) certificate verify failed: self signed certificate in certificate chain (_ssl.c:1056)'))': /simple/pygame/
  Retrying (Retry(total=0, connect=None, read=None, redirect=None, status=None)) after connection broken by 'SSLError(SSLCertVerificationError(1, '(SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED) certificate verify failed: self signed certificate in certificate chain (_ssl.c:1056)'))': /simple/pygame/
  Could not fetch URL https://pypi.org/simple/pygame/: There was a problem confirming the ssl certificate: HTTPSConnectionPool(host='pypi.org', port=443): Max retries exceeded with url: /simple/pygame/ (Caused by SSLError(SSLCertVerificationError(1, '(SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED) certificate verify failed: self signed certificate in certificate chain (_ssl.c:1056)'))) - skipping

How to fix this SSL error forever?

Am I eligible for the Taiwan Travel Certificate?

I am an Indian citizen and I am currently working in the United States with the H1B visa.

I had the impression that Indians with a valid US visa can simply apply for an online travel authorization certificate. However, I recently read that the US visa could not be a "work permit", so I do not know if the H1B counts.

Am I eligible to apply for the travel authorization certificate?

I plan to travel in a week and a half, so I do not know what my options are!

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tls – Additional encryption of the SSL certificate and public key before the connection is established?

I am currently working on a security-based product (VPN) and we have an essential requirement that I am unable to understand.

The connection between USER and the VPN server is based on the One-Time Pad (OTP) algorithm and also has SSL on the server.

At the SSL handshake level, the certificate is sent to the client for verification. But we also want to encrypt the certificate using OTP before it is sent over the network.

The client is an iOS application. I am also looking for a solution so that the encrypted certificate OTP is first validated at the device level, before being validated by the SSL protocol. This is an extra level of security that we want to integrate.

An idea of ​​how I can do that? As far as I know, SSL Hand Shake is an automated process and can not be controlled.

Thank you in advance.