domain name system – Access URL in CompanyA from CompanyB with Two Way Transitive Trust and DNS

CompanyAWebsite isn’t an FQDN. It’s a single label name. It can’t be resolved by the CompanyB DNS servers because by default CompanyB DNS clients will append their own DNS suffix to the query and the CompanyB DNS servers will return NXDOMAIN because no such record exists in the CompanyB DNS zone. It can’t be forwarded to the CompanyA DNS servers because it’s not an FQDN in the CompanyA DNS zone.

The easiest solution is to create a DNS zone in the CompanyB DNS servers named CompanyAWebsite.CompanyA.com and add a “same as parent” A record with the ip address of the website.

As an alternative to the above, you could add CompanyA.com to your DNS suffix search list in CompanyB, but I probably wouldn’t go that route myself.

Aged Domain, DA29, Authorty Backlinks : europa, wikipedia, nationalgeographic, abc, europapress

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Domain :murciasolarrace.com
Reg : Godaddy
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Aged Domain, DA29, Authorty Backlinks : europa, wikipedia, nationalgeographic, abc, europapress

Does the .co.uk registry (Nominet) have a 60 day waiting period for domain transfer?

Nominet.uk (the registry behind .co.uk) do not have any explicit terms on transfers of .co.uk domains, unless the domain is “expired” or “suspended” (from 30 days after expiry, lasts for 60 days). Domains in these statuses would need to be renewed prior to them being transferred.

From the .UK Registry-Registrar Agreement 26 May 2020, section B.1.15:

You may not transfer a domain name during the expiry period, except as set out in paragraph E.3.6

However, some registrars do seem to enforce a 60 day limit on transfers, for example GoDaddy’s rules on transferring out state:

You won’t be able to transfer your domain away if it’s within 60 days of registration or a previous transfer, if a 60-day lock was applied after updating domain contact information, or if your domain has Ownership Protection.

and:

Note Option showing disabled? You can’t transfer your domain if it’s within 60 days of registration or a previous transfer, if a 60-day lock was applied after updating domain contact information, or if your domain has Ownership Protection.

Fasthosts also state:

You can transfer .co.uk, .uk, .org.uk, .ltd.uk, .me.uk and .plc.uk domain names away from Fasthosts, provided that the domain name has been registered for at least 60 days.

Which seems to imply that you can transfer a domain within 60 days of another transfer, but not from the initial registration.

However, other registrars, such as namecheap will follow the registry guidelines and allow for immediate transfers.

Size of top-level domain (TLD) servers? Especially .com?

Sorry if this is a silly question or if I’m asking in the wrong place. But I’ve been learning about DNS, and there’s something that’s bugging me about top-level domain (TLD) servers especially the .com one. If I’m understanding right, the .com TLD server has a record of every .com site in existence? I checked Wikipedia, and it says there’s about 145 million .com sites registered.

Am I understanding correctly that the .com TLD server (really a server cluster) is absolutely massive to store this many records? Or maybe nowadays, though very large, that’s really not unreasonable? I do want to state I understand the TLD server merely points to the authoritative name server so it doesn’t contain the entire DNS record of every .com site. But I’m still struggling to wrap my head around this. I know I could be mistaken but this doesn’t seem right to have so many records stored at one place, so I’m asking if I’m understanding this correctly. Thanks!

windows – Active Directory / Domain spring cleaning best practices

I am taking over an AD role and one of the tasks I want to accomplish is to “clean up” active directory… remove stale accounts, empty groups, ensure groups have the right users in them.

The domain has a few thousand users.

What is the best resource for “active directory / domain management”?

Aged Domain, DA20, Backlinks : nytimes, slideshare, prnewswire, marketwatch, mediapost

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web hosting – From a technical standpoint, why do we have to pay for any domain name?

In terms of the ownership of any domain name, why is it that a person or a company who owns a website and the technology to make the said website work has to pay “extra” money to “rent” a domain name?

Simple.

Do you agree that it is good to have as a property that any single domain name exists only once, that is that there is ONE “owner” of it?

If you agree with this premise I think you can immediately go to the conclusion that to have this property you need someone to enforce it, and have a single database, which is a job of a registry. That means immediately (but still very much in a simplified explanation) that there is a database and people maintaining it.
So you need “money” to pay for the servers and the people running them.
It makes sense to have the people using that service, those registering domain names, to pay for it.
This is a technical standpoint. Domains do not work out of thin air, there is the registration part (database above, communications to it, etc.) and the publication part (hence DNS servers running 100% of the time to have the domain resolving, etc.)

Of course, some could argue that all of this becomes moot if everything is on the blockchain except that 1) this is not how the DNS works today and 2) the blockchain still needs servers and people running them (so if you look at example such as Ethereum Naming Service you will see that domains are not free either, even on the blockchain).

Alternative roots show exactly why the problem is not just technical. Technically it is trivial to have another root. This is the easy part. The hard part, is non technical. Why this alternative root would be any better than current one? You can list a lot of problems with current one, but alternative roots never proved their solution provided something with less problems, they are just different. Internet works in many parts, like routing with BGP or resolution with DNS, by separate people agreeing on some common rules and protocols. The world agreed in the past, in some way, to have Jon Postel run the DNS and then later IANA/ICANN.
Of course when you see today ICANN’s budget and how it grows, you can start to be very reluctant on the idea of paying for a domain name, but thinking that just changing the root changes everything is at best naive.

Do these (domain registrar) companies offer you some kind of protection against DDOS attacks or do they own some kind of more powerful servers to relay connections towards your main server where you host a site?

So this has nothing to do with the descriptions above, you are speaking here about a DNS/Web hosting, where registrars do not provide this service for just their job of domain name registration (they can provide other services of course, but they are separate jobs; being a registrar just means being connected to a registry and send it commands to register domain names and maintain them over time). Historically registries were selling directly to customers (ex: Network Solutions in the eighties and beginning of nineties was the sole seller of .com/.net/.org domains, $70 for 2 years), but then it was seen as a monopoly so for competitive reasons the model was broken to a registry maintaining the central database (see above why that needs to exist) selling names to “a few” registrars that in turn sells to end customers. This is hugely oversimplified of course.

And the last thing, do these companies grow/increase prices for more popular domain names and why?

Pricing is completely in the hand of registries indeed, and even ICANN (for gTLDs) does not impose restrictions on that, except to announce changes to registrars. So you can see everything, some TLDs where prices increase each year or almost each year (see .com/.net), some TLDs where it even goes down sometimes (some registries, in ccTLDs, are non profit organizations so they are bound to have a balanced finance at the end of the day, excess of money can be thrown to foundations or increase salaries, or domain names cost can be lowered), etc.

Also you need to define “more popular”. But registries are free to maintain list of “premium” names and offer them at an higher price to registrars, which then forward this to end customers. This is however set before the domain is bought, the price is not expected to change after (you can find exceptions, and also renewal price is sometimes the same as creation price for premiums, sometimes regular price, it varies).

You will find a lot of places where it is argued that a domain name is just a line in the database, hence inferring that it should cost $0.10 or something, specially at volume. This is VERY shortsighted and often in response to another thing difficult to fathom, which is registries with more domains but costs growing (where normally you can achieve cost reductions by scale). But registries, especially in gTLDs, are not charities. As any other company in a capitalist based economy, their sole goal is first to persist and second to please their investors.

Note also that prices are often used (you are free to agree if that works or not) to deter captive registrations that is people registering names just to resell them. This is why when gTLDs start there is often but not always an EAP or Early Availability Phase where everyone is entitled to register a name (contrary to the sunrise phase before you need to have a trademark for example to be able to register a name) but the prices are far bigger than regular ones, for 5 to 7 days. Regular price can be $10 while first day of EAP the same name can be sold for $10000 for example.

So depending on your views you can find prices either far too big or even too low, and I won’t enter this subject, except by giving just 2 views to take into account: 1) price is not value (hence the second market where prices are not correlated to the price paid at registry or registrar), and 2) a domain name is not just one line in a database (it is not a one time action, it is an ongoing service, the registry authoritative nameservers have to publish the name continuously, respond to queries, sustain DDOS attacks, etc.), not even taking into account the legal part, for example, or support.

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Will it be a high quality backlink when we get backlinks from two subdomains of a same domain?

My question is that will I get high quality backlinks if we get baclinks from two subdomains of a same domain. For example if there are two subdomains of a same domain – https://x.example.com and https://y.example.com and they both gives a backlink to a site https://website.com so will website.com get two high quality backlinks from that two subdomains or not or there will be different criteria applied by the search engines? If a different criteria will be applied what will be that criteria?

Thanks

seo – What to do in Google Search Console when moving a subdomain to its own domain

I found this post but I it doesn’t answer my question completely.
I have

  • https://de.example.com
  • https://es.example.com
  • and others

which I moved using 301 to

  • https://example.de
  • https://example.es

The redirects work perfectly.

Currently do exist in the Google Search Console the following sitemaps URL:

  • https://de.example.com/sitemap.xml
  • https://es.example.com/sitemap.xml

In the Search Console I already added/confirmed example.de, example.es, … as new properties.

How can I tell the Search Console that these subdomains have been permanently moved so the existing ranking doesn’t get lost?