customs and immigration – Getting married to an EU citizen in the EU on a tourist visa, and staying there

Expanding a bit on my comments (even if it’s not a full answer), I think the key question here is whether marrying in Sweden is possible under short-stay rules (legally and practically). If Swedish authorities frown upon it, expect documentation you cannot have as a non-resident, impose extra checks or delays for foreigners before the marriage or require a special marriage visa, this could create difficulties (both at the relevant office and at the border). On the other hand, if marrying is possible without restrictions then there is nothing wrong about entering to do just that.

In other situations, there are multiple examples of people entering the Schengen area with no intent to leave. For example, Germany or the Netherlands allow citizens of a handful of countries like the US or Australia to enter under short-stay rules and sort out their residence afterwards. This is not grounded in EU law and quite different from your girlfriend’s situation but it’s an example of a legitimate reason to enter without specific plans to depart.

This goes to show that EU law (Schengen entry rules) doesn’t forbid it as long as national law also allows it. It’s important to understand that it doesn’t mean that EU law mandates it either. In other words, EU member states are still allowed to require that third country nationals secure a long-stay visa before entering with an eye towards seeking residence. As long as your future wife isn’t covered by EU freedom of movement law (which she doesn’t seem to be right now), it’s up to the destination country (Sweden) to set the rules.

Once you are married things are different. Your wife would then be covered by the EU freedom of movement and Sweden has to facilitate entry and residence, including by issueing a residence card if she is already living with you. To show you how strong this right is, it would apply even if she overstayed beyond the short-stay limits. In that case, Sweden could impose a reasonable fine but not remove her or deny you the right to live together.

Using iTunes gift code while temporarily staying in another country

I am from Russia but currently stay in another country. I got an iTunes gift code as a present from a friend in Russia. Can I use this code while I’m in another country? I believe my Apple ID country is set to Russia.

I forgot a piece of jewelry in Hong Kong, can I get someone to give it to me in the airport while staying in international area?

No, this is not possible. The transfer/airside area of the airport is outside Customs, and it’s not possible to bring things in or out of this without going through Customs.

The only possibility would be if your friend happens to be boarding a flight at a similar time, so you could meet airside. In more normal times, one option would be for them to buy a fully refundable ticket, use it to enter the airside area and meet you, then refund the ticket and exit. But this seems like an awful lot of hassle, and while I’m not familiar with HKIA’s current setup, with COVID restrictions in place I’m not sure it’s even possible for outbound pax to meet transiting pax or if they would risk quarantine if they try to exit from airside.

Staying in Canada beyond eTA and passport expiration

Your ETA needs only to be valid on the day of entry. Of course, to avoid unforeseen itinerary changes, you should always renew beforehands if you expect to travel to Canada near or after the expiry.

However, the general rule that the passport should be valid for the whole of expected stay (for short-term visitors) still applies independent of eTA (except that the eTA also expires with the passport).

How long can I stay in Canada as a visitor?

Most visitors can stay for up to 6 months in Canada.

At the port of entry, the border services officer may allow you to
stay for less or more than 6 months. If so, they’ll put the date you
need to leave by in your passport. They might also give you a

If you don’t get a stamp in your passport, you can stay for 6 months
from the day you entered Canada or until your passport expires,
whichever comes first.

(Note that no mention of the validity of visitor visa or eTA is mentioned in the FAQ answer)

As explained in the answer to the other question, eTA is only an pre-entry authorization for air travel only, independent of the purpose or duration of the actual stay which is examined at the border and subject to usual rules (e.g. up to six months of stay for visitors).

Assuming you are a foreign national subject to eTA, you would technically need one also even if you have an approved work and student permit (even if you will stay beyond the eTA or passport validity for study or work as it is often the case). The eTA in this case is automatically granted with the approval of the permit, however.

Similar principle applies to visitor visa:

Must I leave Canada by the valid until date on my visitor visa?

No. The date on the visitor visa is the date by which you must arrive in Canada.

Staying in Canada beyond eTA expiration

Is it allowed to stay in Canada beyond the date on which an eTA (and the passport it is linked to) expires?

Staying logged out of youtube in android tv

I’m logged in on my android tv’s google play for all my apps and such, but I share my nvidia shield tv with my entire family and I do not want them to see all my youtube history, recommendations, etc. Every so often I go to the TV and find myself logged in on youtube, I log out, but then I go back a week later and I’m freaking logged in again. How do I make sure I stay logged out?

address – Is it safe to say that all bitcoin that is mined is staying in the bitcoin adresses that is generated between 2^0 and 2^256?

First of all, since a single key can be represented by tons of different address types, let’s assume what you meant to ask is about private keys.

But you are basically correct, the security of ECDSA is based on really big, really random numbers that are so big and so random no one will ever generate the same number as you.

A few details though, from my understanding:


ref 1
ref 2

So there is a slightly lower number of possible private keys than just 2^256

Also, not all Bitcoin outputs require a single key for spending. There are multisig scripts and more complicated spending policies. Assuming you had “all” the private keys and could look them up in a practical way, I suppose you could assemble multisigs where necessary. But that’s not all – plenty of transactions are HTLCs which require the pre-image to a hash in addition to a valid signature to spend.

Another thing is that some Bitcoin addresses really are black holes (burn addresses). If an address represents a point that is not on the secp256k1 curve, then there is literally no private key.

Some Bitcoin may also have been sent to unrecoverable scripts like OP_RETURN or scripts that require finding a hash collision.

Interview: Q&A with Mailcheap Founder Pavin Joseph on Staying Ahead of the Pack, Evolving with the Market and his Career

Earlier in mid July we talked to Data Wagon Founder and CEO CJ to talk shop and today, as we continue our Interview style Q/A sessions, we’re chatting with Pavin Joseph, the Founder and Chief Engineer of Mailcheap, a leading email delivery service. Mailcheap has been featured on Low End Box in the past and is an active member of the Low End Talk community. So let’s get started with the interview!

What can you tell us about yourself, how you got to where you are today, and your role at your company?

Hi, I’m Pavin Joseph, founder and Systems Engineer at Mailcheap. My journey with computers began in the year of ’97 when my father who was working away from home at the time bought a Compaq PC so that my mother could email him. I later learned that did not work out as my father intended but it gave me a very early introduction to computers and I’m very grateful to him for that (among many other things). At that time, it came pre-loaded with Microsoft Windows and I was only preoccupied with playing games. I can fondly remember Road Rash, NFS 2 SE, Age of Empires and then later Microsoft Flight Simulator 1998. I was totally and utterly hooked on the latter and for the better part of my life I’d wanted to be a pilot. So in the year Deep Blue beat Garry Kasparov and the web as we know it was still in its infancy (both of which I wasn’t aware of at the time), these games showed me the potential of what could be done with a computer and to a child the possibilities seemed endless (even now, it does!) and thus was born a lifelong fascination with all things computer.

My introduction to programming came later in life with Logo, BASIC and then Java/C in high school & university. At university, I was also introduced to the wonderful world of Linux and it truly was a turning point in my life. Up until that point, even though I knew how to program a computer, the underlying operating system was an enigma, a black box which I couldn’t really understand or even thought was possible to understand. From there, the fascination quickly grew into an obsession with experimenting and hacking together single-board computer (SBC) projects using Raspberry Pi, Orange Pi and later VPS’es. My first dip in the hosting pool was from these initial forays in securing a cheap VPS and experimenting with what could be done with it. This also gave me the opportunity to better understand web hosting and development by creating simple HTML pages with PHP for server-side processing.

The first time I setup a mailserver was after Edward Snowden’s global surveillance disclosures in late 2013, more as a personal challenge and to test my Linux skills than as a potential business. It wasn’t until 2015 when I became more familiar with bash scripting, working with APIs and KVM VPS/cloud servers that I considered I could create a business out of providing dedicated mail servers without the traditional per-user/per-domain limits imposed by shared email providers, namely Gmail for Business, Office 365, etc.

From the outset, I wanted to provide a service that was cheap, fast, and good. Some consider this to be an impossible combination, they say you can pick any two but not all three at once. It took almost 5 years of hard work and constant iteration to get to a point where I can confidently say Mailcheap became all three: cheap, fast, and good.

Today, I work as a Systems Engineer at Mailcheap with my day-to-day activities ranging from sales to development and system administration but most of my time is spent on design & development (using Python, Javascript, Bootstrap, Vuejs to name a few in the stack).

What advice would you give to business owners today or those aspiring to become one?

I’m not sure I’m qualified to provide business advise, I do not have a business degree and people with one said Mailcheap was un-sustainable but here I’m proving them wrong 5 years later and still going strong. So, if there are two key takeaways I’ve learned from this, it’s this:

  • Don’t wait for the right time, if your business or product can help at least one person solve their problems, then ship today!
  • Iterate constantly to better your service towards your goal. Aim for cheap, fast, and good!


Would you recommend the hosting industry as a source of opportunity for entrepreneurs?

Yes, absolutely. The hosting industry is the bedrock for modern web and what constitutes a “modern” web is constantly changing, bringing with it new opportunities every day. I’ve been in the hosting industry for only 5 years now but the changes I’ve seen in such a short while are massive. Just be ready to keep iterating and you would be good.


What is the most significant characteristic that makes your company unique in today’s evolving market landscape?

An API-first platform, your imagination’s the limit as far what you can do with an API-first service. To put it simply, an API is how different services on the web “talk” to each other. So just imagine Mailcheap and thousands of other APIs as little Lego bricks that you can use to build anything your mind can conceive!


What do you enjoy most about your role? What do you find most difficult?

Design, development, system administration. Anything and everything tech related I enjoy doing. Things I find difficult are mostly on the business side, for example, sales and marketing (as a personal and company policy we do not do email/telephone marketing which I consider to be annoying and plain spammy).

I get a great deal of satisfaction when I see that our service is truly helping someone.


Both personally and professionally, what guiding principles ground you?

Honesty, transparency, and putting my customers first before myself or the business. I promise to each and every one of my clients to do the best and continue to do the best for them. Each and every customer I’ve failed in any way I consider it as a personal failure and strive to ensure that it’s never repeated. To be forthright, being in the email hosting industry has changed me as a person for the better. I bootstrapped the business with less than $100 USD per month and in those first few months when the finances were in the negative and I wasn’t sure where the business was headed I did provide a service (in hindsight, not knowingly) that was sub-par and consequently put myself before the customers’ needs. This was a personal and professional failure that I’ve since vowed never to repeat. Like many here, I’m well acquainted with businesses that exist solely to serve itself (your typical greedy corporation), an imaginary construct which doesn’t care about its customers or its employees. I sincerely promise Mailcheap would never turn into one of those.


Tell me about some of the new and exciting things you are working on at your company?

Now that we’ve finished the beta and launched the new API-first hosted email system, work is progressing on updating and re-introducing Premium mail (active-active redundant HA mail) plans, inbound filtering & backup MX plans.

Once that is done, the next big project is to make the AI spam filtering more efficient and self-learning. We also have to manage to scale it affordably before integrating with and re-introducing dedicated SMTP relay plans.


Why should customers trust you and your business?

Trust is inherently a fundamental part of the hosting business, after all people have to trust you and your business to handle their sensitive, mission critical data. I believe our heart is in the right place with putting customers before the business or its employees. To clarify, I put my customers first, employees (myself included) second, and business third. From a technical perspective, we have taken every reasonable measure to protect and safeguard the customer data entrusted to us, from keeping the website and billing portal updated to performing security updates every day for mailservers, providing TLS for secure email access & transmission, and with the New Mail System (NMS) two-factor authentication and intrusion prevention as well. Access to email storage is strictly controlled, available only to select Level 3 engineers.


Final thoughts and anything you would like to add?

While Mailcheap does not provide a free trial, we do provide a 14-day money back guarantee for Enterprise email – shared product in good faith and to make clear that we stand behind our product. Mailcheap’s API is published on where you can search for ours and many other APIs in unrelated fields to make your very own special soup!


If you would like to learn more about Mailcheap, click the banner below to be sent to their website or review their past Low End Box offer.


Jon Biloh

I’m Jon Biloh and I own LowEndBox and LowEndTalk. I’ve spent my nearly 20 year career in IT building companies and now I’m excited to focus on building and enhancing the community at LowEndBox and LowEndTalk.

Gmail – sent emails are staying in Inbox

I have Gmail enabled with the send button “Send and Archive”, but when I reply to an email, the message still stays in my Inbox.

I’m thinking that it could be one of my filters, as I have some filters that categorize messages as “Primary” (so that they don’t end up in other categories like Promotions or Updates).

But nothing is standing out, I even tried removing the part of the filter that assigns certain emails to the “Primary” category but that hasn’t helped.

I can’t figure out why they are staying in my Inbox view, as read-messages. It’s a lot of clutter.

dnd 5e – How can an NPC interract with the party occasionally, but be incapable of staying with the party?

As DM, I would like an NPC to only show up occasionally for a short time (less than a day), then be required to leave without the PCs being able to follow. Is there a mechanic that would allow this? The party cleric’s backstory has her hubby disappearing during an adventure, and I want him to show up every so often but not be able to stay. My thought is that their bond was strong enough to allow him to interact with her, but only for short periods. I want him to be able to explain why he must leave, which is why I want to know if there is something in the rules that would cause/allow that.