The first rule for each question is simple:
If you have to ask, it's probably a scam
Although we can not look at every possible situation from every angle, online scams are just too common to trust someone you know only on the Internet or even what seems to be a problem. true friend or parent who may have had his hacked email account or could simply be imitated. The basic advice is therefore: do not send your personal data, pay nothing and send no money for any purpose.
Here are some common examples:
- love who wants to meet you.
- "Supposed" friend in need.
- prize / lottery.
- inheritance of a distant relative.
- distressed person asking you to take care of his financial assets.
- a government / private / tax / loan / offer scam
If you know the person who appears to have sent the email by asking for money in person, contact them in another way or ask them to answer a personal question before accepting their mail as such.
In many countries, there are organizations to which you can report Internet fraud or suspicion of Internet fraud. They also offer advice on common scams and how to recognize them.
United States: IC3 (FBI-owned) (additional FBI information on romantic scams)
In Canada: The Canadian Anti-Fraud Center
In the United Kingdom: Action Fraud
The second rule for each question is also simple:
google this requirement
A legitimate requirement, if any, would be included in the official sources concerned, including the websites of the airlines or the embassy. For example, Indian nationals must show 500 USD / week to enter Thailand.
Many countries also require visa applicants to have financial means. However, cash is rarely accepted as evidence (since it is only possible to borrow one day), and deposit it into the applicant's bank account one day before the date of the application for visa usually occurs in return.